Racism is the belief which consist of a idea that for instance a particular people of colour is superior or inferior from another, that someone’s social and moral traits or values are not determined by his or her inborn biological characteristics. This is a kind of separatism which is to be believed that one person is different from another for instance white and black people and it is to be believed that they should be remained segregated and apart from each other.
Racism has existed throughout human history that means it is present in the society for a long time and it define the hate which is present in the superior and inferior group of people which are being differentiated on this basis. It can be on the basis of skin colour, language, customs, place of birth or any factor that supposedly reveals the basic nature of that person and because this nature it has influenced my wars, slavery and the formation of nations and legal codes.
What is racism?
Racism is a belief of the superiority of one race to another. It means discrimination, prejudice or antagonism against people because they belong of a different race or ethnicity. Racism also describes the differentiation on the basis of social, legal, cultural, economic and political aspects which impacts in increase of this idea. Though in terms of political aspects, leaders always used racism to gain votes and rule and they also make this issue so big so that their actions seens all right.
During the past 500-1000 years of history, racism has always impacted on non- westerners by westerners which has a significant impact on the history of racism for example, Asians and Africans. This belief was not originated automatically. This issue is a result of many years of torture, humiliation and physical and mental violence. This issue started when Portuguese sailors has explored Africa in 15th and 16th Century. African was very wealthy and powerful back then and Portuguese considered then as serious rivals. Over time when African started deteriorate and they were no longer match to advance technologies of Europe, and then the major European powers has began to plunder the continent and forcibly remove its inhabitants to work as slave labourers in new colonies across the Atlantic, Africans came to be seen as a deficient species. Here we are describing the time of slave trade, willingness of some Africans were selling other Africans to European slave traders on the idea of savagery, which was based on the belief that the dark people were all kinsmen.
Features of Racism:
One of the important features of racism is centralisation towards black or immigrant groups. Jews were usually seen as Anti-Semites as sub humans but also superhuman as devilishly cunning, skilled and powerful. Black people and others were seen as subhuman more like beasts of the society.
All of these arguments are based on a false understanding of race; in fact, contemporary scientists are not agreed on whether race is a valid way to classify people. What may seem to be significant “racial” differences to some people — skin colour, hair, facial shape — are not of much scientific significance. In fact, genetic differences within a so-called race may be greater than those between races. One philosopher writes: “There are few genetic characteristics to be found in the population of England that are not found in similar proportions in Zaire or in China….those differences that most deeply affect us in our dealings with each other are not to any significant degree biologically determined.