Keeping hydrated is essential for health and well-being, but many people do not consume enough fluids each day.
Normally 60 percent of our body is full of water, and around 71 percent of the planet’s surface is covered by water.
Perhaps it is the nature of water that means drinking enough each day is not at the top of many people’s lists of priorities.
Fast facts on drinking water
- Adult humans are 60 percent water, and our blood is 90 percent of water.
- There is no universal agreed quantity of water that must be consumed daily.
- Water is essential for the kidneys and other body functions.
- When dehydrated, the skin can become more vulnerable to the skin disorders and wrinkling.
- Drinking water instead of soda can help with losing weight.
Benefits of drinking water range from keeping the kidneys healthy to weight loss.
To function regularly, all the body cells and organs of the body need water.
Here are some reasons our body needs water:
1. It lubricates the joints in our body
Cartilage, found in the joints and the disks of the spine, contains around 80 percent water. Long-term dehydration can reduce the joints’ shock-absorbing ability, leading to the joint pain.
2. It forms saliva and mucus
Saliva helps us to digest the food. It keeps our mouth, nose, and eyes moist. This prevents us from friction and damage. Drinking water also keeps our mouth clean.
3. It delivers oxygen throughout the body
Blood is more than 90 percent of water, and blood carries oxygen to different parts of the body.
4. It boosts skin health and beauty
With dehydration, the skin will become more vulnerable to skin disorders and premature wrinkling.
5. It cushions our brain, spinal cord, and some sensitive tissues
Dehydration can affects the brain structure and function. It is also involved in the production of several hormones and neurotransmitters. Prolonged dehydration leads to problems with thinking and reasoning.
6. It regulates body temperature
Water is stored in the middle layers of the skin. It will comes to the skin’s surface as sweat when the body heats up. As it evaporates, it cools the body.
Scientists have suggested that when there is too little water in the body, heat storage increases in our body and the individual is less able to tolerate heat strain.
Having a lot of water in the body may reduce physical strain in the body if heat stress occurs during exercise.
7, The digestive system depends on it
The bowel needs some water to work properly. Dehydration can lead to digestive problems, constipation, and overly acidic stomach. This increases the risk of heart burn and stomach ulcers in our body.
8. It flushes body waste
Water is needed in the process of sweating and removal of urine and feces.
9. It helps maintain blood pressure
A lack of water will cause blood to become thicker, increasing blood pressure.
10. The airways need it
When dehydrated, airways are restricted by the body in effort to minimize the amount of water loss. This can make diseases like asthma and allergies worse.
11. It makes minerals and nutrients accessible
These dissolve in water, which makes to reach different parts of the body.
12. It prevents kidney damage
The kidney regulates fluid in our body. Insufficient water can lead to kidney stones problems.
13. It boosts performance during exercise
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Scientists have proposed that consuming more water might enhance performance during some strenuous activity.
More research is needed to confirm this, but a review found that dehydration reduces performance in activities lasting longer than 30 minutes.
14. Weight loss
Water may also help with losing weight, if it is consumed instead of sweetened juices and sodas. Preloading with water before eating meals can helps to prevent our stomach from overeating.
15. It reduces the chance of a hangover
When partying, unsweetened soda water with ice and lemon alternated with alcoholic drinks can helps to prevent over consumption of alcohol.
Here are some facts about water:
- Babies and children have a higher percentage of water compared to adults. When babies are new born, they are about 78 percent water, but this falls to 65 percent by the age of 1 year.
- Fatty tissue has less water than some lean tissue.
- Men have more water when compared to women, as a percentage.
Do we drink enough water?
A research carried out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2013 analyzed data from the National Cancer Institute’s 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey.
Out of a sample of 3,398 adults, the researchers found:
- 7 percent of adults reported no consumption of daily drinking water
- 36 percent of adults reported drinking 1-3 cups of daily drinking water
- 35 percent of adults reported drinking 4-7 cups of daily drinking water
- 22 percent of adults reported drinking 8 cups of water or more in a day
People were more likely to drink less than 4 cups of drinking water everyday if they consumed 1 cup or less of fruits or vegetables a day.
The research only measured the intake of drinking water. Fluid can be gained from some other beverages, but water is best because it is calorie-free, caffeine-free, and alcohol-free.
Seven percent of respondents reported drinking no water daily at all, and those who drank a very low volume of water also consumed less fruit and vegetables. This suggests that a some number of people are risking their health by not getting enough fluid properly.
Even if the respondents reporting a very low levels of water intake were obtaining enough fluid, it is likely that they would be obtaining it from other sources that could potentially compromise their health in other ways.